What is $Scope in AngularJS? Tutorial with Function (Examples)

What is $scope in AngularJS?

$scope in AngularJS is a built-in object which basically binds the “controller” and the “view”. One can define member variables in the scope within the controller which can then be accessed by the view.

Consider example below:

Scope in AngularJS

		$scope.message = "Hello World"

Code Explanation:

  1. The name of the module is “app”
  2. The name of the controller is “HelloWorldCntrl”
  3. Scope object is the main object which is used to pass information from the controller to the view.
  4. Member variable added to scope object

Setting up or adding Behavior

In order to react to events or execute some sort of computation/processing in the View, we must provide behavior to the scope.

Behaviors are added to scope objects to respond to specific events that may be triggered by the View. Once the behavior is defined in the controller, it can be accessed by the view.

Let’s look at an example of how we can achieve this.

$Scope in AngularJS

<!DOCTYPE html>  
<html lang="en">  
    <meta chrset="UTF 8">
<body ng-app="DemoApp">
<h1> Guru99 Global Event</h1>
<script src="https://code.angularjs.org/1.6.9/angular.js"></script>
<div ng-controller="DemoController">
<script type="text/javascript">  
	var app = angular.module("DemoApp", []);
	app.controller("DemoController", function($scope) {
		return firstName + lastname;
	} );


Code Explanation:

  1. We are creating a behavior called “fullName”. This behavior is a function which accepts 2 parameters (firstName,lastname).
  2. The behavior then returns the concatenation of these 2 parameters.
  3. In the view we are calling the behavior and passing in 2 values of “Guru” and “99” which gets passed as parameters to the behavior.

If the command is executed successfully, the following Output will be shown when you run your code in the browser.

Scope in AngularJS

In the browser you will see a concatenation of both the values of Guru & 99 which were passed to the behavior in the controller.


  • Various member variables can be added to the scope object which can then be referenced in the view.
  • Behavior can be added to work with events which are generated for actions performed by the user.
  • The AngularJS $rootScope is the scope for the entire application. An application can only have one $rootScope and is used like a global variable. In Angular JS $scopes are child scopes and $rootScope is parent scope